PHP实现把数字ID转字母ID

2018-02-20 23:52:16
ID是网站中经常出现的,它一般是数字,但是我们发现现在的网站很多ID都是字母了,比如YouTube的视频播放页它的URL类似/watch?v=yzNjIBEdyww。 下面是一个生成字母ID的方法。
使用示例:
复制代码 代码如下:
alphaID(12354); //会将数字转换为字母。
alphaID('PpQXn7COf',true);//会将字母ID转换为对应的数字。
alphaID(12354,false,6);//指定生成字母ID的长度为6.

源码:
复制代码 代码如下:
<?php
/**
* Translates a number to a short alhanumeric version
*
* Translated any number up to 9007199254740992
* to a shorter version in letters e.g.:
* 9007199254740989 --> PpQXn7COf
*
* specifiying the second argument true, it will
* translate back e.g.:
* PpQXn7COf --> 9007199254740989
*
* this function is based on any2dec && dec2any by
* fragmer[at]mail[dot]ru
* see: http://nl3.php.net/manual/en/function.base-convert.php#52450
*
* If you want the alphaID to be at least 3 letter long, use the
* $pad_up = 3 argument
*
* In most cases this is better than totally random ID generators
* because this can easily avoid duplicate ID's.
* For example if you correlate the alpha ID to an auto incrementing ID
* in your database, you're done.
*
* The reverse is done because it makes it slightly more cryptic,
* but it also makes it easier to spread lots of IDs in different
* directories on your filesystem. Example:
* $part1 = substr($alpha_id,0,1);
* $part2 = substr($alpha_id,1,1);
* $part3 = substr($alpha_id,2,strlen($alpha_id));
* $destindir = "/".$part1."/".$part2."/".$part3;
* // by reversing, directories are more evenly spread out. The
* // first 26 directories already occupy 26 main levels
*
* more info on limitation:
* - http://blade.nagaokaut.ac.jp/cgi-bin/scat.rb/ruby/ruby-talk/165372
*
* if you really need this for bigger numbers you probably have to look
* at things like: http://theserverpages.com/php/manual/en/ref.bc.php
* or: http://theserverpages.com/php/manual/en/ref.gmp.php
* but I haven't really dugg into this. If you have more info on those
* matters feel free to leave a